The overall objective of the Scoping Study is to provide understanding on the status and development ambitions of rice and fodder production in the Extended Lake Victoria Basin (e-LVB) covering Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The specific objectives are:
- Assess and document the current production status and development plans / ambitions for rice production and fodder production including their integration into their respective production systems in the five EAC Partner States covering e-LVB including but not limited to distribution, methods of production, yield levels, production efficiency, demand, specific production practices among others;
- Assess and document the prevailing institutional and policy frameworks at regional (basin) and national levels (States) that either hinder or promote sustainable intensification in rice and fodder production in each of the five LVB countries;
- Identify and map key stakeholders in the rice and fodder production in e-LVB and illustrate their role and responsibilities in detail (narrative description, as well as graphically); and
- Identify key pilot projects and / or key implemented policy practices per country on sustainable intensification options of both, rice and fodder production (rainfed and irrigated) in e-LVB.
- Multi-dimensional analysis framework and methodology guide produced and disseminated – The research design is documented in a working paper describing the biophysical suitability and agro-economic analysis and includes the applicable methodologies and workplan for carrying out these analyses;
- A bio-physical modelling tool produced or adapted from existing models/tools – Modelling tools selected and description of biophysical and agro-economic modelling approach; The modelling tools are fully described and placed in a holistic research framework and presented at a researchers’ workshop for further input and refinement;
- Model/tool is applied and run for 2 agro ecological settings across the Lake Victoria Basin – The modelling tools will be applied to two (2) agricultural production systems instead of 2 agro-ecological settings. The Community Water Model (CWatM), and the global Agroecological Zoning model (GAEZ) have been selected as the most suitable for carrying out this study. Some initial adjustments of the tools and localization to the study area have been undertaken. In addition, contacts have been established with partners to carry out additional remote sensing under the EO4SD Lab (Earth Observation for Sustainable Development Lab) with the company GeoVille based in Innsbruck/Austria.
To achieve this objective, gaining a deeper understanding into the actor network involved in rice and fodder crop production; the barriers and enablers towards the adoption of sustainable intensification practices and the role of actors in fostering and mitigating such; conflicts, but also synergies and trade-offs within a multi-level and multi-actor system; and explore governance designs towards the scaling of such practices and thus a systems transformation towards development through such sustainable intensification practices, is imperative.
In addition, researchers at IIASA and ICRISAT aim to understand the gender dimensions within these aspects and the potential of such a transformation to include and empower women in the region.
The conceptual framework developed within this project is anchored in current scientific discussions regarding political economy, institutional and organisational change, as well as sustainability transition studies. They are aiming to provide in-depth understandings of individual and societal motivations and constraints (including those specific to gender) dimensions of agency and power dynamics between actors.
This conceptual framework will be operationalized in four research steps:
- A stakeholder analysis will provide insights into actors, institutions and the convergence spaces within which decisions are made.
- In depth interviews on the macro and meso levels will serve to elicit (gendered) barriers and enablers towards sustainable intensification of rice and fodder crop farming practices on the national and sub-national levels.
- Ten Focus Group Discussions per site with local actors will represent the bulk of empirical data collection regarding the challenges, barriers and motivations regarding the transformation towards intensified, sustainable agricultural practices.
- Moving from problem identification, which will be done via the analyses in the previous steps, a co-design process with relevant regional stakeholders will explore problem solutions. Within this workshop actors will jointly design strategies towards scaling sustainable intensification of rice and fodder crop production.
- Analysis with CoP members on relevant topics targeting specific needs;
- CoP core group decides on suitable webinar topics from key research outputs of relevance to the members;
- Identify experts preferably from ScaleWAYS to prepare and make presentations on topics identified;
- Identify and work with co-hosting partners;
- Work with LVBC and other suitable outlets for dissemination and outreach;